American Nintendo Company employees took the name “Mario” for Super Mario Brothers from the landlord of their building. The Nintendo system first appeared in the U.S. in 1986.
Boston was the first American city to be admitted to the National Hockey League, in 1924. The Boston Bruins won their first Stanley Cup Championship in 1929 and have won it five times since then (1939, 1941, 1970, 1972, 1990).
The League of Women Voters was founded in Chicago in 1920 by Carrie Chapman Catt, along with other leaders of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Its aim was to strengthen the political power of women following passage of the 19th Amendment (granting women the vote). Since then, the organization’s aims broadened to general advocacy […]
The 32,000-ton liner the Lusitania sunk by a German submarine on May 6, 1915, was British. Of the 1,200 passengers who lost their lives, 128 were Americans, a fact that aroused strong anti-German feeling in the U.S.
Democratic candidate Walter Mondale and Republican candidate Robert Dole took part in the first vice-presidential debate during the 1976 Carter-Ford presidential contest.
Harold Stassen ran for the presidency three times, though it seems like more. Born in 1907, Harold Edward Stassen, governor of Minnesota from 1938 to 1945, tried unsuccessfully to win the Republican nomination in 1948, 1964, and 1968. He has gone on trying in the comedy routines of others ever since.
The amusement park Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California, on July 17, 1955. Its original size was 200 acres. Much bigger than Disneyland, Disney World opened near Orlando, Florida, on October 1, 1971. The acronym EPCOT stands for the third Walt Disney amusement center stands for Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow. It opened in 1982 as […]
The Pledge of Allegiance was written by Francis Bellamy, editor of the children’s magazine The Youth’s Companion. It was written for its September 8, 1892, issue, to commemorate Columbus Day. It originally read: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” […]
In which election year did Calvin Coolidge make his famous announcement declining to run for president?
Calvin Coolidge’s announcement was: “I do not choose to run for president in 1928.”
In the mid-1890s, Mr. and Mrs. Pearl B. Wait of LeRoy, New York, adapted a gelatin dessert that had been patented by inventor Peter Cooper and named it Jell-O. In 1899, the Waits sold the business to Francis Woodward, founder of the Genessee Pure Food Company. By 1906, Woodward had sold $1 million worth of […]
The name A&P is an abbreviation for the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company. One of the nation’s top grocery chains, it was founded in New York in 1859 by George Huntington Harford and George P. Gilman as the Great American Tea Company. It was renamed in 1869 to take advantage of national interest in […]
Who were the candidates the last time the presidential election went to the House of Representatives?
In 1824, the candidates the last time the presidential election went to the House of Representatives were Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay. Jackson won a plurality of both the electoral and popular votes, but not a majority in the Electoral College. In accord with the Constitution, the election was […]
The U.S. government instituted a system of standardized route numbers in 1925 to simplify route directions. Perhaps the nation’s most well-known road, Route 66, opened in 1932 to link Chicago and Los Angeles. In December 1940, the first freeway opened, the Arroyo Seco Parkway in Los Angeles. Not until 1956 did the government pass the […]
No one knows for sure who first said “Taxation without representation is tyranny”. Lawyer James Otis is often credited with having coined the phrase in 1761, but the evidence for that is shaky. The exact words did not appear in print until 1820, when John Adams recalled them in some notes.
The 50 U.S. states, with their dates of admission to the Union, are listed below. The original 13 states are marked with an asterisk. Alabama-1819 Montana-1889 Alaska-1959 Nebraska-1867 Arizona-1912 Nevada-1864 Arkansas-1836 New Hampshire-1788* California-1850 New Jersey-1787* Colorado-1876 New Mexico-1912 Connecticut-1788* New York-1788* Delaware-1787* North Carolina-1789* Florida-1845 North Dakota-1889 Georgia-1788* Ohio-1803 Hawaii-1959 Oklahoma-1907 Idaho-1890 Oregon-1859 Illinois-1818 […]
Aside from the female representations of Justice and Liberty, only three women have been so commemorated: Martha Washington, on the face of the 1886 and 1891 $1 silver certificates and on the reverse of the 1896 silver certificate; Pocahontas, on the back of the 1875 $20 bill; and women’s suffrage leader Susan B. Anthony, on […]
The future mayor of New York City Fiorello La Guardia worked at the immigration center on Ellis Island as an interpreter while attending law school. The Manhattan-born son of an Austrian Jewish mother and Italian father, La Guardia (1882-1947) helped usher immigrants through the center, which served as a port of entry from 1892 to […]
President Lyndon Johnson’s first lady was born Claudia Alta Taylor.
The draft office where the Berrigan brothers burned draft files in 1968 was in Catonsville, Maryland. Philip and Daniel Berrigan, both priests, broke into the draft office with seven other Roman Catholic protestors and burned over 600 draft files with napalm. The Berrigans were arrested and convicted, but Daniel jumped bail and went underground for […]
Jay Loeb and R. Evans were the composers of the popular World War II song “Rosie the Riveter”. Rosie the Riveter was a nickname for civilian working women during World War II, particularly those who worked in war-related industries.
In the struggle between France and England for control of North America (1754-63), most, but not all, Indians fought on the French side. They included the Abnaki of Maine, the Delaware and Shawnee of Pennsylvania, and the Potawatomi and Ottawa of Michigan and Wisconsin. The English relied on the six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy.
The oldest confirmed site of human habitation in the continental United States is an archeological site at Clovis, New Mexico. It is a site that dates back 11,500 years, to a time when mammoths were still alive. The site was discovered in 1952.
Native to New Mexico and Arizona, both tribes, the Apache and Navajo, are members of the Athapascan language family. This language family also includes the Kiowa-Apache of the Southwest and several tribes in Alaska and western Canada.
Operation Torch was the Allied invasion of French North Africa beginning on November 8, 1942. Assault troops, almost all American, captured Morocco and Algiers with mostly British naval support.
The road used by migrants moving westward in the mid-19th century, known as the Oregon Trail, ran about 2,000 miles from Independence or Westport, Missouri, to Oregon’s Willamette Valley. It took about six months for wagon trains to cover the distance. The Oregon Trail was in use from the 1840s until the advent of the […]
Will Rogers said, “We don’t know what we want, but we are ready to bite somebody to get it”?.
Who said, “After eight years as president, I have only two regrets: that I have not shot Henry Clay or hanged John C. Calhoun”?
Andrew Jackson said, “After eight years as president, I have only two regrets: that I have not shot Henry Clay or hanged John C. Calhoun”.
The Devil’s Tower, Wyoming, established by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906, was America’s first national monument.
In 1942, about 100,000 Japanese-Americans were moved to ten internment camps in Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming. The camps were closed in late 1945.
It wasn’t only John D. Rockefeller who founded the Standard Oil Company. What would become the country’s largest oil company was founded in 1867 by four people, Rockefeller, Henry M. Flagler, S. V. Harkness, and Rockefeller’s brother William.
At least 1,547 people were killed when the boiler of the side-wheeler Sultana exploded on April 27, 1865, on the Mississippi River near Memphis, Tennessee, making it the worst marine disaster in U.S. history. Many of those killed in the blaze were Union soldiers who had recently been freed from Confederate prison camps. The most […]
Diners Club, the first credit card for buying goods and services from more than one institution was invented in 1950 by Frank McNamara. McNamara, a loan company executive in New York, got the idea when he found himself short of money at a restaurant.
Jimmy Carter (served 1977-81) was the first president to have more than one woman in his cabinet. His female cabinet members were: Patricia Roberts Harris – Housing and Urban Development; later moved to Health and Human Services Shirley Mount Hufstedler – Education Juanita Kreps – Commerce
Twenty-five states were in the Union by the end of the Civil War; 11 were in the Confederacy. The states were: Union Confederacy California Alabama Connecticut Arkansas Delaware Florida Illinois Georgia Indiana Louisiana Iowa Mississippi Kansas North Carolina Kentucky South Carolina Maine Tennessee Maryland Texas Massachusetts Virginia Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey […]
In a 1992 Gallup Poll, 14 percent of Americans said they hated liver the most. Tied for second place in the worst foods list were spinach, fish, and seafood, each at 6 percent.
The reward for the capture of Harriet Tubman (c. 1820-1913), an ex-slave who became famous for helping southern slaves escape to freedom in Canada, went as high as $40,000. Even so, she eluded bounty hunters, returning 19 times to the South and bringing over 300 slaves to freedom on what was called the Underground Railroad. […]
Directed and co-produced by Steven Spielberg, E.T. The Extraterrestrial (1982) is the all-time money-making champ at $228.6 million. Star Wars (1977), directed by George Lucas, is in second place at $193.5 million. Either individually or together, Spielberg and Lucas have helped create seven of the top ten money-making movies.
A boy named William, born in 1623 or 1624 in Jamestown, Virginia, was the first child of African parents born in England’s American colonies. His parents, Antony and Isabel, were among the first Africans shipped in bondage to the English colonies in 1619.
Visa began in 1965 as the Bank of America’s BankAmericard, backed by a group of banks able to exchange funds nationally. It received its current name, Visa, in 1977, to promote its international image and acknowledge the cooperation of banks in other countries. MasterCard began in 1966 as the Interbank card issued by another consortium […]
In 1948, some Democratic leaders looked for a more popular candidate than the controversial Harry Truman. Before eventually nominating Truman, they approached Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas and former Supreme Allied Commander Eisenhower.
Loving, Texas, population 107, has the lowest poverty rate, with a poverty rate of zero in 1989. Ozaukee, Wisconsin (population 72,800), is close behind, with a poverty rate of 2.2 percent.
The five persons that are in line of succession to the presidency are: 1. Vice-President 2. Speaker of the House of Representatives 3. President Pro Tempore of the Senate 4. Secretary of State 5. Secretary of the Treasury
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place not on Bunker Hill but on Breed’s Hill, on June 17, 1775. The opposing forces were supposed to engage on Bunker Hill, but for unknown reasons the soldiers dug in on the smaller site, about 2,000 feet away. To straighten things out for visitors, Breed’s Hill was later […]
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, was written by U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren (1891-1974). Delivered on May 17, 1954, it was one of the first of several major decisions of the Warren Court, which lasted from 1953 to 1969.
The world’s largest employer of women is Avon Products, Inc., which, as of 1992, employed 1.5 million women throughout the world. Nearly all the women work as independent sales representatives, often known as Avon ladies. Founded in 1883 by David H. McConnell as the California Perfume Company, it became Avon Products, Inc. in 1939, a […]
American Revolutionary patriots Samuel (1722-1803) and John Adams (1735-1826) were cousins. John Quincy Adams (17671848) was John’s son. Two of these men served as president of the U.S.: John (served 1797-1801) and John Quincy (served 1825-29).
Mary Quant, co-owner (with her husband Alexander Plunket Greene) of the boutique Bazaar in Chelsea, London, is credited with inventing the miniskirt. Quant, “the mother of the miniskirt,” premiered the new fashion item at Bazaar in 1965.
The renowned American painter Winslow Homer (1836-1910) worked for Harper’s Weekly during the Civil War. One of his first important paintings, Prisoners from the Front in 1866, drew on this experience.
Notre Dame holds the honor of the most winners of the Heisman Trophy, with seven Heisman Trophy winners: 1943—Angelo Bertelli, quarterback 1947—John Lujack, quarterback 1949—Leon Hart, end 1953—John Lattner, halfback 1956—Paul Hornung, quarterback 1964—John Huarte, quarterback 1987—Tim Brown, wide receiver
Cassius Clay announced that he had changed his name to Muhammad Ali in February 1964, after defeating Sonny Liston and becoming heavyweight champion. Some time earlier, Ali had secretly joined the Nation of Islam, led by Elijah Muhammad.
At about $865 million each, the radar-evading “Stealth” strategic B-2 bomber built by Northrop for the U.S. Air Force is considered the most expensive weapons system in American history.
In the year 1860, on the eve of the Civil War, which was the height of slavery, the slave population in the U.S. was 3,953,760.
The tradition with writing autobiographies began with the nation’s second president, John Adams.
Humorist Dorothy Parker made the quip “How can they tell?” after U.S. President Calvin Coolidge’s death in 1933.
In 1920, the Yankees paid the Boston Red Sox $125,000 for the Babe.
People of Mexican descent founded the city of Los Angeles in 1781. Mexicans remained the major population group in Los Angeles (named for Our Lady of the Angels) until the Gold Rush of 1849 brought Anglo-Americans to California in droves. By then, as a result of the Mexican War in 1846-48, California had passed from […]
The light-green beans called lima beans were introduced to the U.S. from Lima, Peru, by U.S. Navy Captain John Harris in 1824.
Which was larger, the landslide that elected Herbert Hoover to the presidency in 1928 or the landslide that removed him in 1932?
By the electoral votes of two states, the 1932 landslide that removed Herbert Hoover was more complete. In 1928, Hoover captured the electoral votes of 40 states; in 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt captured the votes of 42 states. Roosevelt’s landslide was larger in the popular vote as well. The 1928 election saw Hoover winning 6.4 […]
Virginia Dare, born in 1587 to English settlers of the “lost colony” of Roanoke Island. The entire colony disappeared; Dare’s death date is unknown.
Members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) led about 200 Sioux in the 70-day occupation of the town, site of the 1890 battle of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. AIM demanded redress of American Indians’ grievances against the federal government.