Who received the first Caldecott Medal?

who received the first caldecott medal

The illustrator’s counterpart to the Newbery Medal, named for English illustrator Randolph Caldecott, was first awarded in 1938 to Dorothy P. Lathrop for Animals of the Bible.

Why does Bluebeard kill his wives?

why does bluebeard kill his wives

Bluebeard, the title character of Charles Perrault’s story “Barbebleue” (1697) kills his wives for looking into the locked room where he stores the corpses of other disobedient wives. His final wife, however, escapes Bluebeard’s punishment.

What were Cinderella’s slippers made of?

what were cinderellas slippers made of

Charles Perrault’s 1697 French version of the tale has Cinderella wearing glass (verre) slippers, but his sources gave her fur (vair) slippers. Perrault’s alteration may have been accidental.

Who wrote “These are the times that try men’s souls”?

who wrote these are the times that try mens souls

Thomas Paine wrote “These are the times that try men’s souls” in “The American Crisis,” a series of pamphlets he published between 1776 and 1783. When he wrote the opening sentence to the first pamphlet, the Revolutionary army had just retreated across New Jersey and defeat seemed imminent.

Which American writers have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature?

which american writers have been awarded the nobel prize in literature

Ten Americans have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature: Sinclair Lewis (1930); Eugene O’Neill (1936); Pearl S. Buck (1938); William Faulkner (1949); Ernest Hemingway (1954); John Steinbeck (1962); Saul Bellow (1976); Isaac Bashevis Singer, a naturalized citizen (1978); Czeslaw Milosz, a naturalized citizen (1980); and Joseph Brodsky, a naturalized citizen (1987).

What does Sartor Resartus mean?

what does sartor resartus mean

The title of Carlyle’s 1833-34 satire on German philosophy Sartor Resartus means “the tailor retailored” in Latin. It comments on the work of the fictitious Diogenes Teufelsdrockh, philosopher of clothes.

When did Dr. Seuss die?

when did dr seuss die

Theodor Seuss Geisel known as Dr. Seuss died on September 24, 1991, at age eighty-seven. Dr. Seuss had written about fifty books that sold more than 200 million copies. His last book, Oh, the Places You’ll Go (1990), was still on the bestseller list when he died.

What was a summoner or A canon’s yeoman or A franklin or A manciple or a reeve?

what was a summoner or a canons yeoman or a franklin or a manciple or a reeve

These occupations of characters in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (c. 1387-1400) refer to the following: summoner—an officer who summoned suspects before the ecclesiastical courts canon’s yeoman—an attendant of a canon; a canon was a clergyman associated with a cathedral or large church franklin—a prosperous country man of low birth manciple—a steward of a community of lawyers … Read more

Who first called the press the “fourth estate”?

who first called the press the fourth estate

Eighteenth-century political philosopher Edmund Burke is credited with the term the “fourth estate”. Burke is supposed to have said, “Yonder [in the Reporters’ Gallery] sits the fourth estate, more important than them all.” The three other estates were the Lords Spiritual (clergy), the Lords Temporal (knights and barons), and the Commons.

Did Shangri-La really exist?

did shangri la really exist

Shangri-La, the setting for James Hilton’s 1933 novel Lost Horizon supposedly has a real-life counterpart in Hunza, Pakistan. The community, which boasts of having the healthiest people in the world, many over 100 years old, is located at the borders of Pakistan, China, and the Soviet Union.

According to Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), what is art?

according to leo tolstoy 1828 1910 what is art

In the 1898 essay “What is Art?” Leo Tolstoy defines art as: “a human activity, consisting in this, that one man consciously, by means of external signs, hands on to others feelings he has lived through, and that other people are infected by these feelings, and also experience them.”

On what novel is George Gershwin’s opera Porgy and Bess (1935) based?

on what novel is george gershwins opera porgy and bess 1935 based

George Gershwin’s opera Porgy and Bess is based on Porgy (1925), by Du Bose Heyward. Heyward and his wife, Dorothy, won a Pulitzer prize for their dramatic version of the novel. Porgy is a crippled beggar and gambler who lives on Catfish Row in Charleston, South Carolina. Bess is his drug-addicted mistress.

How did Edgar Allan Poe die?

how did edgar allan poe die

In October 1849, the forty-year-old writer Edgar Allan Poe was found lying unconscious near a polling place in Baltimore. According to some reports, he had been fed liquor and dragged to various polling places to vote repeatedly. He was taken to a hospital where he remained semicomatose for three days. On October 7, 1849, at … Read more

In what order did Sophocles write his three Theban tragedies?

in what order did sophocles write his three theban tragedies

Antigone was produced on stage first (441 B.C.), followed by Oedipus the King (c. 426 B.C.) and Oedipus at Colonus (first produced after the author’s death in 405 B.C.). However, the story recounted by the plays follows a different order: Oedipus the King first; Oedipus at Colonus second; Antigone last.

What is the source of O. Henry’s title The Four Million (1906)?

what is the source of o henrys title the four million 1906

The title of O. Henry’s short story collection The Four Million refers to two things: it represents the population of New York City at the time, and it is an answer to Ward McAllister, who said “there are only about 400 people in New York society.” The collection contains the 1902 story, “The Gift of … Read more

Who is Finnegan in Finnegans Wake (1939)?

who is finnegan in finnegans wake 1939

Finnegan in Finnegans Wake is an Irish hod carrier who dies after a fall. At his wake, he is momentarily returned to life at the mention of the word “whiskey.” The name also refers to legendary Irish hero Finn MacCool, who is supposed to “wake again” someday to save Ireland.

Was there a real Mr. Micawber?

was there a real mr micawber

Wilkins Micawber, the schemer in David Copperfield (1861), is said to be based on Charles Dickens’s own father. Wilkins Micawber, the schemer in David Copperfield (1861), is said to be based on Charles Dickens’s own father.

How many Brothers Karamazov are there?

how many brothers karamazov are there

In Dostoyevsky’s 1880 novel, Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov has four sons: Dmitri, Ivan, Alyosha, and Smerdyakov, a bastard. Dmitri is the son accused of killing his father.

Who created Nancy Drew?

who created nancy drew

Edward Stratemeyer created Nancy Drew, under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene. The prolific author died in 1930.

Whom did Jonathan Swift call “Stella”?

whom did jonathan swift call stella

“Stella” was Esther Johnson, a woman Swift once tutored at the household of Sir William Temple in England. Swift’s letters to Johnson and her companion Rebecca Dingley, written from 1710 to 1713, are known as Journal to Stella.

Who was Dr. Fu Manchu’s arch enemy?

who was dr fu manchus arch enemy

The Chinese master criminal Dr. Fu Manchu appeared in 13 novels by Sax Rohmer beginning in 1913. He received his main opposition from Sir Denis Nayland Smith, loosely connected with Scotland Yard. Smith’s sidekick was Dr. Petrie.

Who is the central figure in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake (1939)?

who is the central figure in james joyces finnegans wake 1939

The main character in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake is Humphrey Chimpden Ear-wicker, a pubkeeper in Dublin who is trying to live down an undisclosed crime he committed against a young woman (or man) in the park. Earwicker is also known as Here Comes Everybody and Haveth Childer Everywhere, and is linked with Adam, Jesus Christ, … Read more

What was Anne Tyler’s first novel?

what was anne tylers first novel

Anne Tyler’s first novel was If Morning Ever Comes (1965), written in her early twenties. Born in 1941, Tyler was respected by critics but did not become widely known until Dinner at the Homesick Restaurant in 1982.

How did Jack Kerouac die?

how did jack kerouac die

The author of On the Road (1957) Jack Kerouac died at age forty-seven on October 21, 1969, of a massive gastric hemorrhage associated with alcoholism, in St. Petersburg, Florida.

What are Sir Walter Scott’s “Waverley Novels”?

what are sir walter scotts waverley novels

These romances about life in Scotland were published anonymously by Sir Walter Scott under the credit “the author of Waverley.” The first book, Waverley, appeared in 1814 and helped to shift Scott’s career from poetry to fiction. The Waverley novels include: Guy Mannering (1815) Old Mortality (1816) Rob Roy (1818) The Heart of Midlothian (1818) … Read more