Founded in the tenth century, the kingdom of Bohemia was located in what is now Czechoslovakia.
From 1526 to 1914, it was ruled by the Hapsburg princes of Austria.
At the end of World War I, the Czechs of Bohemia and Moravia joined with the Slovaks of Slovakia to form the new Republic of Czechoslovakia.
In the nineteenth century, artists and other vagabonds became known as bohemians because the French believed that Bohemia was the homeland of the Gypsies.
Artists were held to live a Gypsy-like, or bohemian, life.