Who was the last emperor of China? February 21, 2012 by Pamela Landy · Filed Under: People Henry Pu-yi, from 1908 to 1912, was the last emperor of China. From 1934 to 1945, he was emperor of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo in Manchuria. He died in 1967 in the People’s Republic of China. Related PostsWho was the last Byzantine emperor?What do they observe in China on December 25?What song introduced each episode of “China Beach” (ABC, 1988-91)?What was the last picture show in The Last Picture Show (1971)?How long did the Pony Express last?