Who were the “Five Civilized Tribes” as a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830?

The “Five Civilized Tribes” were the five southern American Indian tribes forced into exile in Oklahoma as a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830:

the Choctaw of Mississippi, the Creek of Alabama, the Cherokee of Georgia, the Chickasaw of Mississippi, and the Seminole of Florida.

The act required all Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River, however settled and “civilized,” to sell their lands and go west.

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