Who was Ishtar the goddess? March 9, 2012 by Pamela Landy · Filed Under: Myths Ishtar was the great mother goddess of the Babylonians and Assyrians. Her concerns included fertility, healing, sexuality, and lust. Related PostsIn The Iliad (9th century B.C.), what goddess is Achilles’ mother?In The Iliad (ninth century B.C.), what goddess is Aeneas’s mother?